We specialize in the treatment of mood disorders, such as Major Depression, Dysthymia, and Bipolar Disorders. If you have been diagnosed with any of these disorders or are experiencing sadness, hopelessness or have difficulties with the physical symptoms of depression, know that you can enjoy life once again. We encourage you to read the following general information about mood disorders and to book an appointment.
Symptoms of Depression
Depression symptoms can be manifested in a number of ways and affect the ability to perform day-to-day activities. Most individuals will notice changes in stamina, fatigue, loss of interests, changes in appetite, sudden weight loss or gain, increased negative thoughts, hopelessness, feeling sad and anxiety. Experiencing symptoms of depression are often the onset of a depressive episode, which may vary in duration and severity.
Major depression causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interests. It is more than a bout of sadness and may require long-term treatment with a medical or mental health professional.*
Dysthymia is a mild but long term depression. Symptoms include feelings of sadness, low energy and loss of interests often lasting two years or more. Dysthymia can interfere with daily functioning and enjoyment of life.*
Bipolar disorder causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). Individuals may become depressed, feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. At other times, their mood shifts in the other direction, and they feel euphoric and full of energy. Mood shifts may occur only a few times a year or as often as several times a week.*
Causes of Depression
Research has not yet found the exact cause of depression. Some predictive factors have shown to be the cause of the onset of depression: hormones, inherited traits, significant life events, biological factors and brain chemistry.*
Individuals dealing with depression can benefit from the help of medical doctors and mental health professionals by receiving assistance with managing symptoms of depression. Medication coupled with counselling (e.g. talk therapy) is often the recommended and most effective treatment. Common psychotherapies used in the treatment of depression are: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Interpersonal Therapy. We specialize in mood disorder treatment and regularly offer the Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) program. For links to more information about depression, please visit our resources page.
*Information from the Mayo Clinic.